The commercial trade in wild animals is a multibillion dollar industry that threatens the survival of many species and results in the inhumane treatment of countless animals every year. Environmental Defenders Office and Humane Society International have prepared a report on best practice provisions to deal with this in national law.

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This report proposes stronger measures for wildlife trade in Australia’s legal regime to minimise these risks. Critical recommendations include the application of more rigorous non-detriment tests for commercial trade, a robust conservation benefit test for trade to be eligible to be treated as non-commercial and for the welfare of individual animals to be given primary consideration as part of any wildlife trade approvals.

This report is intended to be read as a companion to the EDO NSW and Humane Society International Australia 2018 report Next Generation Biodiversity Laws – Best practice elements for a new Commonwealth Environment Act.