The Environmental Defenders Office (EDO) welcomes the opportunity to provide comments on the PLA Bill. We commend the amendment of the Petroleum Acts to provide greater environmental protection, and to attempt to ensure that the cost of environmental harm caused by fossil fuel production is borne by those who profit from the harmful activities. However, the PLA Bill falls short of its goal of ensuring the cost of localised environmental harm is properly internalised, and also contains other shortcomings.